AskDefine | Define glottis

Dictionary Definition

glottis n : the vocal apparatus of the larynx; the true vocal folds and the space between them where the voice tone is generated [also: glottides (pl)]

User Contributed Dictionary

see Glottis

English

Noun

glottis, plural glottises
  1. defn English

Noun

glottis (plural glottises or glottides)
  1. An organ of speech, located in the larynx, and consisting of the true vocal cords and the opening between them.

Translations

See also

Extensive Definition

The glottis is defined as the combination of the vocal folds and the space in between the folds (the rima glottidis).

Function

As the vocal cords vibrate, the resulting vibration produces a "buzzing" quality to the speech, called voice or voicing.
Sound production involving only the glottis is called glottal. English has a voiceless glottal fricative spelled "h". In many accents of English the glottal stop (made by pressing the folds together) is used as a variant allophone of the phoneme /t/ (and in some dialects, occasionally of /k/ and /p/); in some languages, this sound is a phoneme of its own.
Skilled players of the Australian didgeridoo restrict their glottal opening in order to produce the full range of timbres available on the instrument.
The vibration produced is an essential component of voiced consonants as well as vowels. If the vocal folds are drawn apart, air flows between them causing no vibration, as in the production of voiceless consonants.
The glottis is also important in the valsalva maneuver.
  • Voiced consonants include /w/, /v/, /z/, /ʒ/, /ʤ/, /ð/, /b/, /d/, and /g/.
  • Voiceless consonants include /h/, /ʍ/, /f/, /s/, /ʃ/, /ʧ/, /θ/, /p/, /t/, and /k/.

Additional images

Image:Illu07 larynx01.jpg|Larynx

See also

References

References of Glottis Simulator

de Menezes Lyra R. Glottis simulator. Anesth Analg. 1999 Jun;88(6):1422-3.http://www.anesthesia-analgesia.org/cgi/reprint/88/6/1424.pdf
Smith, N Ty. Simulation in anesthesia: the merits of large simulators versus small simulators. Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology. 13(6):659-665, December 2000.
glottis in Catalan: Glotis
glottis in German: Glottis
glottis in Spanish: Glotis
glottis in Esperanto: Gloto
glottis in French: Glotte
glottis in Galician: Glote
glottis in Italian: Glottide
glottis in Japanese: 声門
glottis in Korean: 성문 (몸)
glottis in Dutch: Glottis
glottis in Polish: Głośnia
glottis in Portuguese: Glote
glottis in Finnish: Äänirako
glottis in Swedish: Röstspringa
glottis in Chinese: 声门
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